Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said that his country is considering imposing sanctions on Kurdish northern Iraq in response to the regional administration’s plans for an independence referendum. Although Turkey has a significant trading relationship with the region, it says that it is opposed to its independence on the basis that it may lead to new conflict in the Middle East. Turkey’s government is expected to make a formal response to the situation on Friday.
President Trump has given his first address to the UN General Assembly, in which he made several comments relating to sanctions. He again criticised the JCPOA nuclear deal with Iran, describing it as “an embarrassment to the US” and creating further uncertainty about the deal’s future. World leaders have called on President Trump not to undermine the deal, which enjoys near-universal support among UN Member States.
The President also said that he would not lift the US trade embargo on Cuba until Cuba made “fundamental reforms”. In June, President Trump reinstated some of the sanctions on Cuba that were lifted by President Obama (see previous blog), chilling a relationship that had begun to thaw under the previous administration. In addition, he warned that the US was prepared to take further action against the administration of President Maduro of Venezuela, which the US describes as a dictatorship (see previous blog).
The House of Lords EU External Affairs Sub-Committee has taken evidence from the UK Government on sanctions post Brexit as part of its inquiry into post Brexit sanctions policy (see previous blog). It heard evidence from:
The Foreign & Commonwealth Office (Paul Williams, Multilateral Policy Director; Andrew Murdoch, Legal Counsellor; Matthew Findlay, Deputy Head of International Organisations Department), Giles Thomson, Deputy Director, Sanctions and Illicit Finance, HM Treasury, and Rena Lalgie, Head of OFSI. You can watch the evidence session here.
Human Rights Watch has called on the UN to impose targeted sanctions and an arms embargo on Burma/Myanmar’s military, in response to the “ethnic cleansing campaign” against Rohingya Muslims. It called on the Security Council to ask that Burma allow humanitarian aid agencies to access people in need, permit entry to a UN fact-finding mission to investigate human rights violations, and ensure the safe and voluntary return of displaced people. The Human Rights Watch press release is here.
The EU has implemented the round of UN sanctions imposed on North Korea in August, which among other things extended the import ban on certain North Korean goods and limited the number of work authorisations that may be issued for North Korean nationals (see previous blog). The EU has also listed the 1 person and 3 entities designated in the UN’s latest round of sanctions, but has not yet implemented the other measures the UN introduced at that time (see previous blog).
See Council Regulation 2017/1548 amending Council Regulation 2017/1509 and Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/1562 amending Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/849, and Council Implementing Regulation 2017/1568 implementing Council Regulation 2017/1509 and Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2017/1573 implementing Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/849.
The EU has extended its sanctions on people and entities that are said to be undermining the territorial integrity of Ukraine for 6 months until 15 March 2018. It has also added Crimean Sea Ports to its list of designated people and entities, amended the sanctions to include a derogation for payments to Crimean Sea Ports for certain services, and updated the listing information for several people subject to the sanctions.
See Council Regulation 2017/1547 amending Council Regulation 269/2014, Council Implementing Regulation 2017/1549 implementing Council Regulation 269/2014, and Council Decision (CFSP) 2017/1561 amending Council Decision 2014/145/CFSP. The EU’s notice to listed persons is here.
The US has extended some of the sanctions relief it granted to Iran under the JCPOA, however a State Department Spokesperson said that the administration was still reviewing its stance on the JCPOA as a whole. In this regard, the Spokesperson said that Iran continued to engage in “reckless, malign” behaviour and was considered dangerous by the administration. The full remarks are available here.
Separately, OFAC has designated Iranian company SABA for assisting Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in support of the country’s ballistic missile programme, and Ukraine-based Khors Aircompany and Dart Airlines for aiding designated Iranian and Iraqi airlines through the provision of aircraft and services. The details are here.