The European Union first imposed restrictive measures against President Lukashenko and certain officials of Belarus in May 2006 (Regulation 765/2006), and in respect of Belarus in October 2010. They were amended and extended in 2012, and consists of an arms embargo, travel ban and asset freeze on individuals and entities said to be responsible for serious human rights violations or whose activities seriously undermine democracy or the rule of law in Belarus, or benefitting from or supporting the Lukashenka regime.
These measures have just been extended for another year by Decision 2013/534 and Implementing Regulation 1054/2013 of 29 October 2013 (until 31 October 2014). Some of the reasons given for designating individuals and companies have been amended, some removed, and 3 people have been added to the list. The Council has published a Notice for the attention of people and entities listed in these measures drawing their attention to the possibility of applying for exceptions to the asset freeze and challenging their designations in the European Court within 2 months.
Links to all the current European sanctions (including those against Belarus) are on the ‘EU sanctions in force’ section of this blog.
The European Council has amended the targeted provisions of its sanctions regime against Iran so as to include a wider category of people / companies that can be included.
The EU-wide asset freeze was first imposed in July 2010, and is contained in Article 20 of Decision 413/2010, (broadened in October 2010, and in January, March, October and December 2012) and Article 23 of Regulation 267/2012 (broadened in August and December 2012).
The most recent amendments, contained in Council Decision 2013/497/CFSP and Council Regulation (EU) No 971/2013 of 10 October 2013, extend the criteria for listing again, this time to permit the Council to include the following categories:
1. People and entities that have “evaded or violated” the provisions of a number of UN Security Council resolutions or the EU’s sanctions relating to Iran.
2. Entities owned or controlled by or acting on behalf of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) or the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL).
3. People and entities providing “insurance or other essential services” to IRISL, or to entities owned or controlled by or acting on behalf of IRISL.
These amendments have been made after IRISL and some companies said to be connected with IRISL have recently won their applications to annul their designations in the General Court – see previous blog.
Links to all the relevant European Decisions and Regulations relating to Iran are on the ‘sanctions in force’ section of this blog.
The European Union imposed restrictive measures in respect of the Republic of Guinea in October 2010 (Decision 2010/638), “in response to the violent crackdown by security forces on political demonstrators in Conakry” in September 2009. The measures consist of an ams embargo, and an asset freeze and travel ban targeted at members of the National Council for Democracy and Development and their associates, which have just been extended for another year by Council Decision 2013/515/CFSP of 21 October 2013.
Links to all the current European sanctions (including those against Guinea) are on the ‘EU sanctions in force’ section of this blog.
There are a few workshops coming up on sanctions:
1. A workshop (by invitation) on targeted sanctions in the EU at University College London law department on 8 November 2013. Please email firstname.lastname@example.org if you are interested in attending.
2. British Bankers Association conference on sanctions, 13 November 2013. Details here.
3. The World ECR Export Controls & Sanctions Forum on 14-15 November 2013 in London. Details here.
4. Two ‘webinars’ on sanctions available here and (by subscription to Sweet & Maxwell) here.