Like the UK, Australia has an independent reviewer of legislation relating to terrorism, including asset freezing / sanctions provisions. Like the UK’s Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation, the Australian Independent National Security Legislation Monitor reviews the use, effectiveness and proportionality of laws relating to national security and terrorism.
The Monitor (currently Bret Walker SC) was established in 2010 by the Labour government in Australia. The Monitor’s most recent annual report provides a detailed overview of Australian sanctions legislation, and questions aspects of the efficacy of terrorist financing laws and the way in which terrorist organisations are proscribed in Australia. The Abbott government has now proposed its abolition on the grounds that all relevant legislation has already been reviewed (although the Monitor’s statutory duties are to review on an ongoing basis whether Australian legislation remains proportionate to the threat of terrorism / national security). The Australian Green party opposes the abolition.
David Anderson’s paper explaining the history and functions of the UK’s Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation is here. We have previously reported on his recommendations, and on the UK Government’s responses.