Sanctions were imposed by the US and by the EU on South Sudanese military leaders involved in the country’s civil war in May 2014 and June 2014 respectively (as we previously reported on this blog). On 23 October 2014, Canada published details of its own sanctions against South Sudanese military leaders.
The sanctions entered into force with their publication and have been imposed because the Canadian government “is of the opinion that the situation in South Sudan constitutes a grave breach of international peace and security that has resulted or is likely to result in a serious international crisis”.
The two individuals now subject to Canadian sanctions are Marial Chanuong and Peter Gadet. Both are already subject to US sanctions and Gadet is also subject to EU sanctions. Deng is a commander of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), a group which took part in the recapture of the city of Bentiu in May 2014, and Gadet is the leader of the anti-government Nuer militia.
The Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird said “The targeting of civilians based on ethnicity is deeply concerning, and the individuals who perpetrate such atrocities should be held to account. That is why Canada is announcing targeted sanctions against individuals who have been directly or indirectly facilitating and supporting the ongoing hostilities on both sides of the conflict”.
The new measures prohibit:
(1) dealing in any property, wherever situated, held by or on behalf of a designated person;
(2) entering into or facilitating, directly or indirectly, any transaction related to a dealing referred to in (1)
(3) providing any financial or related service in respect of a dealing referred to in (1)
(4) making any goods, wherever situated, available to a designated person; or
(5) providing any financial or related service to or for the benefit of a designated person.