The United Nations Security Council Monitoring Team for the UN Al-Qaida sanctions list have submitted a report to the UN Security Council recommending new sanctions measures relating to the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the Al-Nusrah Front for the People of the Levant (ANF).
The report states that “effectively implemented Security Council targeted sanctions can play a meaningful role in disrupting ISIL and ANF”, although “sanctions alone are insufficient to fully respond to the threat”.
The Monitoring Team recommended the introduction of three new sanctions measures:
- Seizing all oil tanker-trucks and their loads (originating from or seeking entry into ISIL- or ANF- controlled territory) by all Member States bounding ISIL- or ANF-controlled territory;
- A worldwide moratorium on the trading of antiquities from the Syrian Arab Republic of Iraq that lack clear, certified provenance; and
- Denying aircraft permission to land in or take off from Member States if the aircraft has taken off from or is destined to land in ISIL- or ANF- controlled territory.
The report recommends that an impact assessment be carried out of the impact of the measures within 180 days (if the measures are adopted).
As regards to the existing Al-Qaida sanctions regime, the report recommends strengthening the existing UN asset freeze and arms embargo by:
- Encouraging Member States to propose further key individuals and entities for listing under the Al-Qaida sanctions regime to the Sanctions Committee;
- Ensuring that Member States fully implement the measures currently in place under the Al-Qaida sanctions regime against ISIL and ANF (particularly in states in which ISIL and ANF are present or draw recruits, financing or arms);
- Encouraging the United Nations and other multilateral entities to identify capacity gaps in imposing sanctions and aiming to meet these gaps; and
- Promoting heightened vigilance and due diligence in banking relationships and transactions involving banks in ISIL and ANF-controlled territory and addressing the terrorist financing risk in banking branches of companies where they operate.