195px-european_court_of_justice_insignia-svgThe General Court of the EU has just handed down its judgment in Case T‑579/11 Tarif Akhras v Council (judgment here), rejecting the majority of Mr Akhras’ challenge to his designation on the EU’s sanctions against Syria.

This case is another example of the Court recently upholding the use by the Council of the EU of presumptions against individuals in Syrian sanctions cases (a number have been reported on this blog, see most recently in Anbouba – blog here).

Mr Akhras was listed on the EU’s sanctions against Syria (which are on the ‘sanctions in force’ section of this site) in September 2011, and re-listed in 2012 and 2013, for being a person that benefits from / supports the Syrian regime.  The General Court upheld his challenge to his 2012 listing, on the grounds that being the founder of the Akhras group was insufficient to show that he “provides economic support for the regime” (the reason given at that time for including him).  However, the Court found that the subsequent reasons for his designation were sufficiently clear and sufficient, that the Council was entitled to rely on a presumption that prominent businessmen in Syria benefit from the regime, and that the evidence submitted by Mr Akras had not rebutted that presumption.

The Court also said that the Council had not initially failed to notify Mr Akras of his inclusion because it did not have his personal address (the Court rejected the submission that it should have used his business address), and that although it had subsequently failed to notify him, that would not in itself lead to the act’s annulment.  Again as is usually the case in the General Court, the Court rejected Mr Akras’ rights of defence and proportionality arguments.

This entry was posted in European Court Cases, Syria by Maya Lester QC. Bookmark the permalink.

About Maya Lester QC

Maya Lester QC has a wide ranging practice in public law, European law, competition law, international law, human rights & civil liberties. She has a particular expertise in sanctions. As the most recent (2016) Chambers & Partners directory put it, she "owns the world of sanctions". She spent 2011-12 in New York at Columbia Law School lecturing and writing on sanctions. She represents and advises hundreds of companies and individuals before the European and English courts and has acted in most of the leading cases, including Kadi, Tay Za, Central Bank of Iran, NITC and IRISL.

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