On 3 March 2015, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution establishing a sanctions regime against South Sudan.
The resolution creates a sanctions committee, comprising the 15 members of the Security Council, with the remit of targeting individuals suspected of committing human rights abuses or threatening the peace, security, or stability of the country. The committee is also authorised to target anyone acting on behalf of a designated individual.
The resolution instructs all Member States, for an initial period of one year to:
- take necessary measures to prevent entry into or transit through their territories by designated individuals; and
- freeze all funds, financial assets, and economic resources within their territories owned or controlled by designated individuals.
Any travel bans and asset freezes imposed on people under the new sanctions regime would be subject to exemptions for necessary travel and expenses. It will be the committee’s responsibility to consider any such exemptions.
Speaking on 3 March 2015, US Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power said that in adopting this resolution the council was “enhancing IGAD’s leverage in the negotiations by sending a very clear signal to those who continue to choose war over peace – you will be held to account now as we urge you to compromise to reach an agreement and later when you are considering whether to follow through on its terms”.
A list of sanctions in force against South Sudan can be found in the “sanctions in force” section of this blog.