On 3 March 2015, US President Barack Obama issued a notice continuing the national emergency declared in respect of Zimbabwe and maintaining the sanctions regime pursuant to it for a further year.
The national emergency was originally declared on 6 March 2003 in Executive Order 13288, in response to what the US government described as “the actions and policies of certain members of the Government of Zimbabwe”, which “had contributed to the deliberate breakdown in the rule of law in Zimbabwe, to politically motivated violence and intimidation in that country, and to political and economic instability in the southern African region”. The scope of measures against Zimbabwe was expanded on 22 November 2005 (Executive Order 13391) and 25 July 2008 (Executive Order 13469).
In a statement issued on 3 March 2015, President Obama stated that “The threat constituted by the actions and policies of certain members of the Government of Zimbabwe and other persons to undermine Zimbabwe’s democratic processes or institutions has not been resolved. These actions and policies continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the foreign policy of the United States. For these reasons, I have determined that it is necessary to continue this national emergency and to maintain in force the sanctions to respond to this threat”.
A list of sanctions in force against Zimbabwe can be found in the “sanctions in force” section of this blog.