The EU has updated its sanctions regimes on the Central African Republic and South Sudan in accordance with resolutions adopted by the UN Security Council earlier this year. Both regimes impose EU-wide targeted asset freezes and travel bans, in addition to a general arms embargo on the countries.
Central African Republic
UN Security Council Resolution 2196 (2015) extends the designation criteria for people and entities said to be involved in criminally or politically motivated violence in the Central African Republic, and the EU has updated its own measures accordingly. The new criteria now encompass entities owned or controlled by designated persons, and add “gold” to the list of example natural resources that may not be illicitly exploited to provide support for armed groups or criminal networks.
The new measures also mandate that Member States seize, register, and dispose of any items they discover whose sale, transfer, or export is prohibited under the sanctions regime, and update the international missions mentioned to include the UN’s Minusca.
The changes are set out in Council Regulation (EU) 2015/734 amending Council Regulation (EU) 224/2014 and Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/739 amending Council Decision 2013/798/CFSP. HM Treasury’s updated guidance on CAR financial sanctions is here.
By way of implementing UN Security Council Resolution 2206 (2015), the EU has also consolidated its existing measures imposing sanctions on South Sudan with the new ones set out in that resolution. The new measures extend the designation criteria under the sanctions regime to include people and entities designated by the UN Security Council or the UN Committee established by the new Resolution. The Resolution also sets out the new Committee’s own designation criteria, which includes, inter alia, actions or policies that have the purpose or effect of extending the conflict in South Sudan, that threaten transitional agreements or undermine the country’s political process, or violate applicable human rights.
In accordance with this, the new EU measures stipulate that the EU Council shall list any entity designated under the above in the relevant annex, and that the measures shall be renewed or amended if the Council deems that their objectives have not been met and in light of decisions taken by the Security Council.
The changes are set out in Council Regulation (EU) 2015/735 repealing Council Regulation 748/2014 and Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/740 repealing Council Decision 2014/449/CFSP. HM Treasury’s updated guidance on South Sudan financial sanctions is here, and the UK Regulations are here.