OFAC has designated as Specially Designated Nationals 3 Central African Republic (CAR) militia leaders on the grounds that they lead groups that threaten the peace, security, or stability of CAR, and the CAR diamond trading company BADICA and its Belgian branch KARDIAM for supporting people involved in that activity through illicit trade in natural resources. In May 2013, the Kimberley Process prohibited the export of diamonds from the CAR because of militia control of diamond mining areas, and BADICA and its affiliates are said to have made illicit payments to the Séléka militia group in an effort to smuggle diamonds out of the country. The newly listed individuals (blacklisted by the UN Security Council earlier this week) are:
- Habib Soussou
- Alfred Yekatom
- Oumar Younous
In OFAC’s press release, Acting Director John Smith states that the designations “target those responsible for waging a campaign of violence and atrocities against the innocent civilians in the Central African Republic”.
The EU also listed the 3 individuals and BADICA/KARDIAM pursuant to its own sanctions, under Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1485 implementing Council Regulation (EU) 224/2014. HM Treasury’s notice is here.