The 15-member UN Security Council held a debate on 11 February 2016 on the working methods of its Sanctions Committees. Since 1966, the Security Council has established 26 sanctions regimes. This was the first time on which sanctions-affected countries were invited to address the UN Security Council (and 6 did so). A link to the UN’s press release, which summarises the debate, is here.
Some speakers called for greater transparency in the procedures and practices of sanctions committees and better communication with countries affected by UN sanctions. Some called for the Al-Qaida Ombudsperson’s office to be extended to other UN sanctions. The UK (emphasising the importance of sanctions implementation), US, and France said sanctions had helped to restrict the development of nuclear weapons in Iran and were restricting funding for Da’esh and Al-Qaida. Iran drew attention to the unintended impacts of sanctions, for example on healthcare and education. Libya acknowledged the need for the arms embargo to prevent radical militias from becoming armed, but noted that the flow of weapons to Da’esh and Al-Qaida militia continued.