The US House of Representatives has voted to renew US sanctions on Iran imposed by the Iran Sanctions Act for 10 years, and to impose new sanctions on the Syrian government and its supporters. Although the US is party to the JCPOA nuclear deal with Iran, which will gradually lift certain sanctions on Iran in return for it meeting commitments in respect of its nuclear programme, a number of US sanctions remain in force. In particular, sanctions that are not related to Iran’s nuclear programme are unaffected by the deal – these include a general ban on trade with Iran, a prohibition on Iran accessing the US financial system, and restrictions on its use of the dollar.
The proposed sanctions on Syria would sanction anyone who provides the Syrian government with financial, material, or technological support, including Russian and Iranian people. Both measures require approval from the Senate and the President’s signature before they could come into force, and the Iran Sanctions Act is due to expire at the end of this year if not renewed.