The UK has updated and amended 5 of its Open General Export Licences (OGELs) relating to the export of dual-use items. The action updates the goods-schedule of each relevant licence and removes Ivory Coast and Liberia from the list of excluded destinations for the OGEL “PCBs and components for dual-use items”. This follows the lifting of EU sanctions against them earlier this year (see previous blogs on Ivory Coast and Liberia). In addition, the OGEL “international non-proliferation regime decontrols” has been revoked as it is no longer of use to exporters. The licences now refer to the new Department for International Trade, of which the Export Control Organisation is a part.
The EU has lifted its arms embargo on Liberia, terminating the remainder its Liberian sanctions regime. This decision implements the UN Security Council’s resolution to lift its own sanctions against Liberia in May (see previous blog). The EU joined the UN in lifting its asset freezes and travel bans on Liberia in October last year.
The UN Security Council has lifted its arms embargo on non-state actors in Liberia, terminating the remainder of its Liberian sanctions regime. In Resolution 2288, the Security Council welcomed the sustained progress made by the Government of Liberia in rebuilding Liberia for the benefit of all of its citizens in the wake of the civil war in 2003, and recalled its determination to terminate the sanctions once the provisions of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement had been fully implemented and the country and wider region were sufficiently stable and secure.
UN sanctions on Liberia have been gradually lifted since their imposition in 2003, to reflect its progress towards consolidating peace and rebuilding the country. The EU joined it in lifting asset freezes and travel bans in October last year, and the US followed suit in November (see previous blogs here and here).
The United States has lifted its sanctions on Liberia, in force since 2004 under Executive Order 13348, that imposed asset freezes on former Liberian President Charles Taylor, people belonging to his immediate family, his close associates or officials of his former regime, those who have been involved in the unlawful depletion of Liberian resources, and entities owned or controlled by designated persons. This action follows the EU and UN terminating their own targeted sanctions against Liberia last month (see previous blog).
In his Executive Order terminating the sanctions, President Obama explained the decision by citing significant advances to promote democracy in Liberia, presidential elections that were internationally recognised as being freely held, the affirmation on appeal of Charles Taylor’s 50-year prison sentence, and the diminished ability of those connected to him to undermine the country’s progress.
The new Executive Order also warns that the termination will not affect any existing action or proceeding penalty not finally concluded as of the date of the Order, or any proceeding based on acts committed prior to termination.
The EU has terminated its targeted asset freezes and travel bans against former Liberian President Charles Taylor and people associated with him, following a UN Resolution ending UN targeted sanctions against them and others undermining the peace and stability of Liberia last week. The UN sanctions, implemented by the EU, were introduced in 2003 & 2004 in response to alleged misappropriation of Liberian state assets by Charles Taylor and associates. The UN and EU arms embargoes on Liberia remain in force.
The Security Council had previously expressed readiness to terminate the targeted sanctions upon determining that the ceasefire in Liberia was being respected, disarmament completed, and the provisions of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement implemented. The changes to the EU regime are made by Council Regulation (EU) 2015/1776 repealing Council Regulation 872/2004 and Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/1782 repealing Common Position 2004/487/CFSP and amending Common Position 2008/109/CFSP. The remaining sanctions on Liberia are in the ‘sanctions in force’ section of this blog. HM Treasury’s notice is here, and has provided additional identifying information here.
On 15 March 2014, the EU made certain changes to its sanctions regime against Liberia, in the light of United Nations Security Council Resolution 2128 (2013). The UN resolution renewed the UN arms embargo against Liberia and granted a 12-month mandate extension to a monitoring panel of experts.
Council Decision 2014/141/CFSP amends Common Position 2008/109/CFSP and gives the Government of Liberia the primary responsibility to notify the UN Sanctions Committee in advance of the shipment of any supplies of lethal arms. Council Regulation 262/2014 of 15 March 2014 amends Regulation (EC) No.234 of 2004 by imposing certain reporting obligations upon those who intend to provide military or security assistance to the Government of Liberia.
On 26 March 2013 Commission Regulation (EU) No 290/2013 amended for the 190th time Council Regulation (EC) No 881/2002 which imposes restrictive measures on persons and entities said to be associated with Al Qaida, to bring it in line with a decision of the United Nations Security Council Sanctions Committee. The UN and EU have deleted one name (Abdelghani Mzoudi), added one entity (Ansar Eddine (alias Ansar Dine), and amended the entries for Hassan Dahir Aweys, Hassan Abdullah Hersi Al-Turki and Al-Itihaad Al-Islamiya/AIAI.
On the 26 March 2013 the Commission issued Regulation (EU) No 291/2013 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 872/2004 in relation to restrictive measures against Liberia. The new Regulation amends the entry of one person (Richard Ammar Chichakli) following an amendment by the UN.