EU implements UN sanctions against 6 Libyan migrant smugglers

EU2Last week, the UN Security Council added 6 individuals to its Libya sanctions list for their involvement in the “illicit trafficking of migrants in Libya”. The 6 individuals were Ermias Ghermay, Fitiwi Abdelrazak, Ahmad Oumar al-Dabbashi, Mus’ab Abu-Qarin, Mohammed Kachlaf, and Abd Al-Rahan al-Milad (all subject to asset freezes and travel bans) (see previous blog).

Today, the EU announced that it has transposed these UN sanctions into EU law. This is the “first time that the UN has imposed sanctions against human traffickers”. See Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/872 and Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/870.

The US implemented these UN sanctions earlier this week (11 June 2018), see OFAC Notice and Treasury press release.

UN removes Central Bank of Iraq from Iraq sanctions & adds 6 people to Libya sanctions over human trafficking

UN4.jpgYesterday, the UN Security Council removed the Central Bank of Iraq from its Iraq sanctions list (press release) and added 6 individuals to its Libya sanctions list for their involvement in the “illicit trafficking of migrants in Libya” (press release). The 6 individuals are Ermias Ghermay, Fitiwi Abdelrazak, Ahmad Oumar al-Dabbashi, Mus’ab Abu-Qarin, Mohammed Kachlaf, and Abd Al-Rahan al-Milad (all subject to asset freezes and travel bans). UK OFSI Notice here.

On 11 June 2018, the US implemented the UN Libya action, see OFAC Notice and Treasury press release.

On 18 June 2018, the EU  implemented the UN Iraq action, see Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/875.

UN & EU Libya sanctions listing of vessel ‘Lynn S’ expires

Oil tanker shipThe UN Security Council has announced that the Libya sanctions listing of the vessel named ‘Lynn S’ expired on 29 April 2018. As a result, the vessel will no longer be subject to a UN port ban or a prohibition from loading, transporting or discharging petroleum (including crude oil and refined products) from Libya aboard the ship.

On 15 May 2018, the EU deleted vessel ‘Lynn S’ from its Libya sanctions list, see Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/713 and Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/711.

Third countries align with EU’s Syria, Libya, Egypt and Bosnia sanctions

EU2On 19 March 2018, the EU adopted, firstly, Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/421, which added 4 people to its Syria sanctions list (previous blog), and, secondly, Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/459, which extended for 1 year its Bosnia and Herzegovina sanctions (previous blog). In relation to the Syria Decision, the EU has announced that Macedonia, Montenegro, Albania, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, the Republic of Moldova and Georgia have aligned themselves with that measure. In relation to the Bosnia and Herzegovina Decision, the EU has announced that Turkey, Macedonia, Montenegro, Albania, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Georgia have aligned themselves with that measure.

On 21 March 2018, the EU adopted, firstly, Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/476, which extended for 6 months its Libya sanctions against 3 people (previous blog), and, secondly, Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/466, which extended for 1 year its Egypt sanctions and removed 6 people from that list (previous blog). The EU has announced that Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, the Republic of Moldova and Georgia have aligned themselves with both of those Decisions. EU press releases here and here.

UN & EU Libya sanctions listing of vessel ‘Nadine’ expires

Ship2.jpgThe UN Security Council has announced that the Libya sanctions listing of the vessel named ‘Nadine’ expired yesterday (previous blog here). As a result, the vessel will no longer be subject to a UN port ban or a prohibition from loading, transporting or discharging petroleum (including crude oil and refined products) from Libya aboard the ship.

On 15 May 2018, the EU deleted vessel ‘Nadine’ from its Libya sanctions list, see Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2018/713 and Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/711.

EU extends Libya sanctions against 3 people

Libya.jpgThe EU has adopted Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/476, which extends for 6 months – until 2 October 2018 – its Libya sanctions in respect of 3 people: Agila Saleh Gwaider, Khalifa Ghwell, and Nuri Abu Sahmain. As a result, they will continue to be subject to EU-wide travel bans and asset freezing measures.

OFAC targets international Libyan-oil smuggling network

US Treasury Building.jpgPursuant to Executive Order 13726, OFAC has sanctioned 6 people, 24 entities and 7 vessels for “threatening the peace, security, or stability of Libya through the illicit production, refining, brokering, sale, purchase, or export of Libyan oil or for being owned or controlled by designated persons” (US travel restrictions and asset freezes imposed). See OFAC Notice and Treasury press release.

The 6-sanctioned individuals (Maltese nationals Darren Debono, Gordon Debono, Rodrick Grech and Terence Micallef, Libyan national Fahmi Ben Khalifa, and Egyptian-Maltese citizen Ahmed Ibrahim Hassan Arafa), were each designated for their involvement in the “smuggling of petroleum products from Libya to Europe”.

Of the 24-designated entities, 21 companies were sanctioned for being “owned or controlled” by Darren and Gordon Debono, whilst the remaining 3 entities were designated for being “involved in the illicit exploitation of crude oil or any other natural resources in Libya, including the illicit production, refining, brokering, sale, purchase, or export of Libyan oil”.