3rd countries align with EU sanctions on Libya, DPRK, Russia/Ukraine, Maldives & Terrorism

EU3.jpgLibya: On 30 July 2018, the EU adopted Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1086, which removed an individual (Omar Ashkal) from its Libya sanctions. The following countries have aligned themselves with that Decision: Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Moldova, and Georgia. See EU press release.

DPRK: On 30 July 2018, the EU adopted Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1087, which updated its sanctions on North Korea (DPRK). The following countries have aligned themselves with that Decision: Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Moldova, and Armenia. See EU press release.

Russia/Ukraine: On 5 July 2018, the EU adopted Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/964, which prolonged its sectoral sanctions on Russia for a further 6 months, until 31 January 2019. On 30 July, the EU also adopted Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1085, which added 6 entities to its Russia/Ukraine sanctions (actions undermining the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine) for their involvement in the construction of the Kerch Bridge connecting Russia to the Crimean Peninsula. The following countries have aligned themselves with both of those Decisions: Montenegro, Albania, Norway, and Ukraine. See respective EU press releases here and here.

Maldives: On 16 July 2018, the EU adopted Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1006, which established a sanctions framework on the Maldives in response to the country’s “continuing deterioration of the rule of law and human rights”. The following countries have aligned themselves with that Decision: Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Liechtenstein, Norway, Moldova, and Armenia. See EU press release.

Terrorism: On 16 July 2018, the EU adopted Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1000, which added Algerian national Rabah Tahari to its ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaeda sanctions list. On 30 July, the EU also adopted Council Decision 2018/1084, which updated the list of persons and entities involved in terrorist acts as laid down by Council Common Position 2001/931/CFSP. The following countries have aligned themselves with both of those Decisions: Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Moldova, and Armenia. Furthermore, Liechtenstein and Georgia have aligned themselves with Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1000 only. See respective EU press releases here and here.

EU adopts targeted sanctions framework against Maldives

EU1Today, the EU announced that it has adopted a framework to impose targeted sanctions (travel ban and asset freeze) against those responsible for “undermining the rule of law or obstructing an inclusive political solution in the Maldives”, as well as those responsible for “serious human rights violations”. See Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1006 and Council Regulation (EU) 2018/1001.

This decision is a direct follow up to the EU conclusions (26 February 2018) adopted in respect of the situation in the Maldives (previous blog).

EU considers sanctions against Burma, Cambodia and Maldives

EU2Yesterday, the EU adopted conclusions on the situation in Myanmar/Burma, Cambodia and Maldives.

In respect of Myanmar/Burma (particularly Rakhine State), the EU condemned the “ongoing widespread, systematic grave human rights violations committed by Myanmar/Burma military and security forces”. It also invited the High Representative to make proposals for an extension to the existing arms embargo, as well as targeted sanctions to be imposed against senior military officers of the Myanmar armed forces (Tatmadaw) responsible for “serious and systematic human rights violations”. Links to the EU conclusions on Myanmar/Burma and the press release.

In respect of Cambodia, the EU decided that it might consider targeted measures if the “continu[ed] deterioration of democracy, respect of human rights and the rule of law” in Cambodia failed to improve. It particular, the EU urged the Cambodian Government to “stop using the judiciary as a political tool to harass and intimidate political opponents, civil society, labour rights activists and human rights defenders”. Links to EU conclusions on Cambodia and the press release.

In relation to Maldives, the EU called on the competent Maldivian institutions to “lift immediately the state of emergency and restore all constitutionally guaranteed rights”. It also decided that if the current situation failed to improve, targeted measures might be considered. Links to EU conclusions on Maldives and the press release.