The UN Security Council has published an Assessment Report assessing the Compendium of the ‘High Level Review’ of UN Sanctions (November 2015), which was the first comprehensive review of UN sanctions. The Compendium and the Assessment Report are “intended to serve as a basis for ongoing dialogue and engagement in promoting more effective and collaborative United Nations sanctions procedures”.
The Assessment Report makes 10 recommendations for strengthening cooperation within the UN sanctions system, enhancing cooperation between UN sanctions and the private sector, improving definitions and standards used in sanctions resolutions and related documents, refining the due process of UN sanctions, and supporting states that bear a disproportionate implementation burden.
Pacific Aerospace Ltd, an aircraft manufacturing company based in Hamilton, New Zealand, has pleaded guilty in a New Zealand court to indirectly exporting aircraft parts to North Korea and is expected to be sentenced in January. Charges had been brought against the company by the New Zealand Customs Service in August 2017, see here.
The UN Security Council has banned 4 ships, pursuant to para 6 of UNSC resolution 2375 (2017), from entering any port for breaching sanctions on DPRK from 5 October. The ships, identified as the Petrel 8, Hao Fan 6, Tong San 2 and Jie Shun, had transported prohibited goods to and from DPRK. For the UN Security Council press release, click here.
The EU has implemented this in Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1897, which adds the 4 ships to the list of vessels subject to restrictive measures, as set out in Annex XIV to Council Regulation (EU) 2017/1509.
The UN Security Council has voted in favour of a US-drafted resolution to introduce new sanctions on North Korea. The UN’s press release and the text of the resolution are here. The sanctions were amended from initial US proposals in order to win the support of Russia and China (see previous blog). The new resolution prohibits:
- North Korean textile exports;
- the transfer of all condensates and natural gas liquids to North Korea;
- the transfer of refined petroleum products in excess of 500,000 barrels until the end of the year and in excess of 2million barrels per year thereafter;
- the transfer of crude oil in amounts in excess of that which was transferred by the state in question in the 12-months leading up to the resolution being passed;
- Member States from authorising North Korean nationals to work in their jurisdictions unless authorised by the UN’s North Korea sanctions committee; and
- new or existing joint ventures with North Korea.
The resolution also requires the inspection of vessels, with the consent of the vessel’s flag state, if there are reasonable grounds to believe that they are carrying items subject to sanctions, and extends a number of existing sanctions. 3 new North Korean government entities have also been listed on the sanctions – the Central Military Commission, the Organisation and Guidance Department, and the Propaganda and Agitation Department – as well as member of the country’s Central Military Commission Pak Yong Sik.
The UK government’s notice is here.
The US has watered down its draft UN sanctions resolution targeting North Korea, in order to try and win the support of China and Russia. Previously, the US had called for a prohibition on oil exports to North Korea, much tougher restrictions on North Koreans working abroad, enforced inspections of ships suspected of carrying cargo subject to UN sanctions, and a freeze on the assets of North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-Un. It has now watered down the oil ban to a gradual reduction in oil exports and dropped the other proposals, although it is still proposing a ban on textile exports. The draft resolution will be voted on by the UN Security Council today.
Last week, UN experts reported that North Korea was successfully engaging in large-scale sanctions evasion, having illegally exported at least $270m of coal, iron, and other sanctioned commodities in the 6 months to August, and also circumvented financial and logistical sanctions and the arms embargo.
The UN Security Council has adopted a resolution (2374 (2017)) establishing a sanctions regime on Mali, which will impose travel bans and assets freezes on people and entities engaged in activities that threaten the peace, security, or stability of the country. A sanctions committee has been set up for an initial period of 13 months to help operate the sanctions regime.
The Government of Mali requested in August that a sanctions regime be set up, in response to what it said were repeated ceasefire violations by armed groups in Northern Mali.
The EU has implemented a UN amendment to the identifying information given for Rustam Magomedovich, listed on UN sanctions against ISIL & Al-Qaida. The amendment states that he was killed on 3 December 2016, and does not say why he continues to be UN designated.
See Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1488 amending Council Regulation (EC) 881/2002.
The UN Security Council has imposed new sanctions on North Korea, in response to its most recent ballistic missile launches in July. The new resolution is here. These measures:
- prohibit North Korean exports of coal, iron, iron ore, lead, lead ore, and seafood.
- prevent Member States from increasing the total number of work authorisations for North Koreans without approval from the Security Council committee, and the opening of new joint ventures or expansion of existing joint ventures with North Korean firms or people.
- add 9 people and 4 entities to the UN travel ban and asset freeze.
- ask INTERPOL to issue special notices which alert national law enforcement authorities that particular sanctions apply to designated people and entities. They were first introduced to support the UN’s anti-terrorism sanctions, but have since been expanded to several other regimes including DRC, CAR, Sudan, and North Korea.