Central African Republic

Initial Imposition of EU Sanctions

 The EU initially imposed sanctions against the Central African Republic (CAR) in December 2013

UN Sanctions

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2127 (7072nd meetings, 5 December 2013) arms embargo against the CAR

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2134 (7103rd meeting, 28 January 2014) requires measures to be taken for the application of travel restrictions and asset freezes, reaffirms and extends the arms embargo

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2196 (7366th meeting, 22 January 2015) extended arms embargo, travel restrictions, and asset freezes until 29 January 2016 and tightened designation criteria

Form of the Sanctions

Arms embargo

Criteria for Inclusion in Targeted Measures

Natural or legal persons, entities and bodies:

  1. engaging in or providing support for acts that undermine the peace, stability or security of the Central African Republic, including acts that threaten or violate transitional agreements, or that threaten or impede the political transition process, including a transition towards free and fair democratic elections, or that fuel violence
  2. acting in violation of the arms embargo established in paragraph 54 of UNSCR 2127 (2013), or having directly or indirectly supplied, sold, or transferred to armed groups or criminal networks in the Central African Republic, or having been the recipient of arms or any related materiel, or any technical advice, training, or assistance, including financing and financial assistance, related to violent activities of armed groups or criminal networks in the Central African Republic
  3. being involved in planning, directing or committing acts that violate international human rights law or international humanitarian law, as applicable, or that constitute human rights abuses or violations, in the Central African Republic, including acts involving sexual violence, targeting of civilians, ethnic- or religious-based attacks, attacks on schools and hospitals, and abduction and forced displacement
  4. recruiting or using children in armed conflict in the Central African Republic in violation of applicable international law
  5. providing support for armed groups or criminal networks through the illicit exploitation of natural resources, including diamonds and wildlife and wildlife products, in the Central African Republic
  6. obstructing the delivery of humanitarian assistance to the Central African Republic, or access to, or distribution of, humanitarian assistance in the Central African Republic
  7. being involved in planning, directing, sponsoring or conducting attacks against UN missions or international security presences, including BINUCA, MISCA, EUFOR, RCA and the other forces who support them
  8. being leaders of, having provided support to, or having acted for or on behalf of or at the direction of, an entity designated by the Sanctions Committee
  9. acting on behalf of or at the direction of persons, entities or bodies listed in points (a) to (h), or entities owned or controlled by them

Provisions in Force

Council Decision 2013/798/CFSP (24 December 2013) Prohibition on the sale or export or arms and related material, and the provision of technical assistance related to military activities, and the provision of financial assistance. The prohibition does not extend to materiel intended for use identified humanitarian organisations involved in the peace process in CAR

Amended by Council Decision 2014/125/CFSP (10 March 2014) to amend the scope of the derogation concerning the sale, supply, transfer or export of arms to include the provision of technical and financial assistance

Amended by Council Implementing Decision 2014/382/CFSP (24 June 2014)

Amended by Council Implementing Decision 2014/863/CFSP (OJ L 346, 2 December 2014) to update the identifying information for 3 people

Amended by Council Implementing Decision 2014/863/CFSP (OJ L 346, 2 December 2014) to update the identifying information for three people

Amended by Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2015/336 to de-list Levy Yakete

Amended by Council Decision (CFSP) 2015/739 to target entities controlled or owned by listed persons, add gold to the list of natural resources that may not be illicitly exploited, and mandate that member states seize and dispose of prohibited items.

Council Regulation No 224/2014 (10 March 2014) imposes financial sanctions, including asset freezes against individuals, entities and bodies within the CAR

Amended by Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 691/2014 (OJ L 183, 24 June 2014)

Amended by Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1276/2014 (OJ L 346, 2 December 2014) to update the identifying information for 3 people

Amended by Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1276/2014 (OJ L 346, 2 December 2014) to update the identifying information for three people

Amended by Council Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/324 (OJ L 58, 3 March 2015) to de-list Levy Yakete

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) 2015/734 to target entities controlled or owned by listed persons, add gold to the list of natural resources that may not be illicitly exploited, and mandate that member states seize and dispose of prohibited items.

Case Law

There are currently no specific sanctions cases relating to the CAR

 

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