Somalia

Initial Imposition of EU Sanctions and Subsequent Amendments

The first sanctions were imposed on Somalia in 1992 by the UN (UNSC Resolution 733) following the power vacuum left by the overthrow of Siad Barre in 1991. They were intended to stem the flow of weapons into the country.

EU sanctions were then imposed on Somalia in 2002, adopting the arms embargo from the UN (2002/960/CFSP).

The EU embargo was replaced with a new regime in February 2009 which contained exemptions aimed at developing the nascent security infrastructure in the country.

UN Sanctions

The UN imposed the first sanctions on Somalia, which have since been adopted by the EU (see above). This original arms embargo still exists, with its most recent updates provided by UNSC Resolutions 2093 and 2111.

The UN also has implemented measures targeted against individuals and one organisation (Al-Shabaab) deemed to threaten the peace process (since 2008).

Form of the Sanctions

Travel bans

Asset freezes

Embargo on arms and related material (exemptions for AMISOM and the development of Somali security infrastructure).

Prohibition on the import of charcoal.

Criteria for Inclusion in Targeted Measures

Categories of individuals and entities targeted by the restrictive measures are those who have:

  • conducted or provided support to actions that threaten the peace, security or stability in Somalia;
  • made violent threats against the federal government or AMISOM;
  • violated the arms embargo or prevented the distribution of humanitarian aid

Provisions in Force

Council Decision 2010/231/CFSP (OJ L 105, 26 April 2010) contains: notice to listed persons/entities bodies; arms embargo; travel restrictions; and asset freezes

Amended by Council Decision 2011/635/CFSP (OJ L 249, 26 September 2011) amendment to make one exception to the embargo

Amended by Council Decision 2012/388/CFSP (OJ L 187, 16 July 2012) import ban on wood charcoal; amended list of those subject to sanctions

Amended by Council Decision 2012/633/CFSP (OJ L 282, 15 October 2012) – amendment of exception to embargo and lost of those subject to sanctions

Amended by Council Decision 2013/201/CFSP (OJ L 116, 25 April 2013) – list of goods not falling within the exception to supply the Somali security forces; ban on supplying goods intended to the security forces to other entities

Amended by Council Decision 2013/659/CFSP (OJ L 306, 15 November 2013) – amendment of exceptions to embargo

Amended by Council Decision 2014/270/CFSP (OJ L 138, 12 May 2014) – amendment of notification requirements for exceptions

Amended by Council Implementing Decision 2014/729/CFSP (OJ L 301, 21 October 2014) to list two additional persons

Council Regulation (EU) No 356/2010 (OJ L 105, 26 April 2010) contains: notice to listed persons/entities bodies; asset freezes

Amended by Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 956/2011 (OJ L 249, 26 September 2011) list of persons/entities subject to restrictive measures

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) No 641/2012 (OJ L 187, 16 July 2012) amendment to the list of persons and entities; information on competent authorities

Amended by Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 943/2012 (OJ L 282, 15 October 2012) amendment to the list of persons and entities

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) No 432/2013 (OJ L 129, 13 May 2013) amendment to the range of targeted persons and entities

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013 (OJ L 158, 13 May 2013) amendment of the information on competent authorities

Amended by Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1104/2014 (OJ L 301, 21 October 2014) to list two additional persons

Council Regulation (EC) No 147/2003 (OJ L 24, 27 January 2003) contains: ban on provision of embargo-related services

Amended by Council Regulation (EC) No 631/2007 (OJ L 146, 7 June 2007) amendment to the exceptions to the embargo

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) No 1137/2010 (OJ L 322, 7 December 2010) requirement of information on cargoes (import/export)

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) No 642/2012 (OJ L 187, 16 July 2012) ban on wood charcoal imports

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) No 941/2012 (OJ L 282, 15 October 2012) amendment to the exceptions to the embargo

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) No 431/2013 (OJ L 129, 13 May 2013) list of goods not falling within the exception to the embargo

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) No 517/2013 (OJ L 158, 13 May 2013) amendment of the information on competent authorities

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) No 1153/2013 (OJ L 306, 15 November 2013) amendment to the exceptions to the embargo

Amended by Council Regulation (EU) No 478/2014 (OJ L 138, 12 May 2014) amendment of notification requirements for exceptions

Case Law

Not available

One thought on “Somalia

  1. Pingback: EU IMPLEMENTS UN REMOVAL FROM SOMALIA SANCTIONS LIST AND AMENDS MEASURES - European Sanctions

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